Welcome to The Educating Parent Beverley Paine's archive of articles about homeschooling and unschooling written over a period of 30 plus years

HomeAbout Blog Articles Curriculum Resource Directory Shop Kids Pages Facebook

Download our FREE The Educating Parent Resource Directories today! Plus... more FREE resources!

Free download a quick guide to getting started with homeschooling and unschooling by Beverley Paine The Educating Parent in this excellent Resource Directory


Download for FREE this huge collection of links to online Australian homeschool and unschool support groups in this special The Educating Parent Resource Directory by Beverley Paine

Plan, record and report all in the one document! Always Learning Books planners available in each year level to suit your homeschooling needs, includes curriculum checklists
Australia's original homeschooling manual from veteran home educator Beverley Paine, how to write your own learning plan and curriculum to meet your child's needs
Let Beverley and friends help you design and write your own curriculum to suit your child's individual learning needs, learn how to prepare lessons, unit studies and more, record and evaluate your children's learning in this series of 3 parent workbooks developed on Beverley's popular homeschool manual Getting Started with Home School Practical Considerations
Introduction to
Home Education
  National and State
Support Groups
  Yearly Planner, Diary & Report Beverley's Original Home Ed Manual Series of How To
Parent Workbooks

Support Groups: National SA VIC NSW QLD TAS ACT NT
Registration Guides: VIC NSW QLD SA WA TAS ACT NT

Looking for support, reassurance and information?
Join Beverley's The Educating Parents Homeschooling and Unschooling Facebook online group.


The Importance of Recording in Learning Science

by Beverley Paine, Nov 2004

Encouraging a scientific mind is the essence of studying science in the homeschool. To do this we need to show our children how to work and think using the scientific method, which includes thinking up interesting questions, formulating hypotheses and theories of our own and then testing them. Equally as important is the recording of children's ideas, thoughts, experiments and results. Recording is an absolutely essential element to the success of thinking scientifically.

Some people may ask why do we need to think scientifically at all? Few people associate science with all the things that happen in their lives, and few realise just how important it is or how it underpins modern life. Usually most people think of science as something they learned about in school, many years ago, or something exclusively for the boffins in white coats in laboratories, or for the politicians to exploit and generally end up damaging the world we live in. But science is not something we can separate out from our lives. Children are born inquisitive scientists in their own right, and are always trying to make sense of the their experiences in a natural scientific way. As homeschooling parents we can build on this.

Science is about learning how to think methodically, logically and rationally. The trick is to facilitate a balanced approach to teaching science and allowing it to naturally happen. It can help parents to understanding the scientific method of explaining and discovering the world, and to understand the rationale for including children's recordings as part of this process. In many cases the act of recording in itself can lead to new discoveries, experiments and explorations. The advantages of fostering children's recordings are many, and to begin an examination of these it is useful to consider the types of recording children can make. These can be divided into four broad categories: on-task recording; publications of learnings; integrated (with other areas of learning, for example in other subjects) recordings; self-evaluation and involve recording via several media.

The recordings children do when engaged in a learning activity, whether spontaneous or structured, are an inherent part of the process involved in the learning activity. Examples can include tallying, using tables, charts and graphs, graphs, writing letters, creating designs and concept maps, flow charts, plans and models, writing instructions, field notes, recording labels, using audio and video tape. It is easy to see the vast amount of mathematical learning that can be acquired through recording science learnings and how these can be a springboard for much mathematical learning as well in a very natural way.

In adult life all science findings are written up, published and reported to peers and others in the community. In the home most of the scientific learning our children do is celebrated or noted only momentarily, but exploring the sharing of information gleaned is rewarding in itself from time to time, and offers up opportunities for cross curriculum learning. 'Publications' include individual or shared work that display the learning outcomes of an activity, series of activities, or explorations. Mostly these include informal publications, but they can go much further, especially as children grow and move into the community more. Publications can include displays, collections, projects, reports, reviews, summaries, brief and complex descriptions, articles for publications such as newsletters, the internet and magazines, collages and murals, and also by photograph or by film. The scope for learning in all areas is great, and science recordings often become an impetus for exploring new ways of expressing and displaying information and language development.

Science and technology learnings often enhance learning in the area of language development. With some creativity and ingenuity a parent can easily incorporate creative expression into the scientific recordings their children make. Children can explore their thoughts and feelings about their discoveries and explorations in a number of ways, including stories, poems, artwork, mime and drama, craft and model building.

It is possible, and desirable, for children's recordings of their scientific learnings and findings to be can be self-evaluative. Teaching children how to critically analyse their own progress and learning development enhances their education generally, and allows them to gradually take more responsibility for their learning. Parents can encourage children to notice or ask questions about their emerging abilities such as "what I can do....."; or their preferences - "what I like...."; their goals and objectives in the activity they are doing - "what I would like to do... or find out"; and to reflect on their existing learnings - "what do I know now..."; and how they feel about the activity, their involvement, other's involvement and so on.

After an activity is finished parents and children can review the whole exploration - what happened, how it happened, did it work well, did it answer the questions, what new questions came out of the activity, were the resources adequate or appropriate, what would we do different next time? Sometimes this can be recorded, but generally it is good to just chat about these things. Keeping in mind the importance of such reflective and evaluative conversation is an important aspect of the home learning program.

Beginning a collection of such recordings in science, either in a scrap book or student portfolio is generally a must in every homeschool. Far from just being a record of work done by a child, these collections demonstrate a growing development of scientific method within the child - they are as much a part of the learning process as the activities themselves, and should not be seen simply as the outcome or product. All too often recording children's learnings in homeschools is seen as 'proof' of learning occuring, rather than an inherent and important aspect of that learning.

To help children develop recording skills parents need to take the time to organise themselves and their children and to demonstrate recording methods and to explain the validity and necessity for it. When a child brings a question to the parent it will either be answered immediately, or the pair might go off and begin to look for answers. Jotting down questions on a scrap of paper at this time is useful. Thus begins the recording process. Other questions, clarifying the first, or seeking existing levels of understanding or abilities could be jotted down as well. From these a rough plan can be drawn for action - for a series of activities to find the answers. This might involve setting up an impromptu experiment, heading for the bookshelf, asking another person, making a date to visit a particular resource.

Often the recordings that parents help children to do can facilitate a feeling of "ownership" of the learnings involved in the activity by the children, especially if they discover the relationships resultant from the recordings. In addition recordings can form the basis of an on-going reference resource related to that topic, for example, collated to form a book which can become part of the child's reference library and up-dated with new information occasionally.

It is important children's recordings remain in context and that the parent has a clear understanding of the purpose of the recording. Scientific recording has definite purposes related to the task, exploration or investigation under way. An "honest" interest in science by the parents reinforces and sustains children's curiosity. Unnecessary recording may result in the "deadening" effect and too much emphasis, especially in early childhood, can be detrimental to the enjoyment and spontaneity of the learning in progress. However, if the children are allowed to be involved in making decisions about how and when recording becomes a part of the activity, they can learn to value it and even enjoy the process.

Collecting children's recordings and displaying them is a way of celebrating their learning outcomes. This further re-inforces the children's sense of owning their work, and can lead to further explorations. It is good to discuss with them the purpose of recording and having their interest and co-operation leads to commitment, and encourages them to use their recordings for self evaluation, especially as they grow older. Records used for evaluative reasons in a home learning program should be dated, and selected to indicate the quality and scope of the children's work It is helpful to keep on file with the samples a brief description relating to the nature of the activity or learning the recording reflects, and any references to the learning outcomes realised, and is best completed either during or immediately following or as soon as possible after the related activity.

Work samples can also reveal insights into the children's learning processes which can be missed during the activities, and hence become useful reflective learning tools. Because they are related to an activity and are thus useful and in context, children's recordings are excellent for memory retention of learning outcomes. In this way they serve an important function in building skills related to memory in young children. Most important of all children's recordings allow parents another window into their worlds, how they perceive life happening around them, and can be used in the planning of individual programs tailored for the learning needs of each child. This, after all, is the essence of evaluation, not to focus on what has been achieved, but how we can use it to move forward. This is the essential purpose of children's recordings.

Was this article helpful? Was it worth $1.00 to you? Your gift of $1 or more helps to keep this site operating offering encouragement and reassurance to families wanting better outcomes for their children.

Thank you for your gift contribution!

Beverley Paine with her children, and their home educated children, relaxing at home.

Together with the support of my family, my aim is to help parents educate their children in stress-free, nurturing environments. In addition to building and maintaing this website, I continue to create and manage local and national home educating networks, help to organise conferences and camps, as well as write for, edit and produce newsletters, resource directories and magazines. I am an active supporter of national, state, regional and local home education groups.

"You've been an inspiration to me, I love the way
you really listen to people."

"Whenever I read your writing I always come away
with increased confidence in my ability to provide and
share a wonderful learning journey with my family!"

"Your guidance, understanding, support and words of
wisdom changed our lives. We now offer support and
organise many homeschooling events for others."

"Thank you once again for your prompt and friendly service.
I am convinced that your books are going to add
quality and peace of mind to my journey of teaching my kids
at home! Just from studying your website, until almost
2am in the morning, I 've been encouraged!"

"Thank you for all your many,many reassuring words
over many, many years. You probably don't know exactly how
valuable you are to the Australian Home Education community.
I've been reading your stuff for maybe 8 years or more now.
And I'm very grateful."

Want to learn how to write your own education plans to suit
your unique children's individual learning needs?

Looking for quality curriculum and teaching tips ?

Over 1000 reassuring and informative articles to help
build your confidence as an Educating Parent

Welcome to the World of Home Education
and Learning without School!

It's been and gone but you don't have to miss out! Purchase the full set of recordings of the 2022 Australian Homeschool Summit, expert help from experienced Australian home educators, all you need to get your started and continuing on your homeschooling or unschooling adventure with your children! Over 30 workshops, downloads and more.

We began educating our children in 1985, when our eldest was five. In truth, we had helped them learn what they need to learn since they were born. I am a passionate advocate of allowing children to learn unhindered by unnecessary stress and competition, meeting developmental needs in ways that suit their individual learning styles and preferences. Ours was a homeschooling, unschooling and natural learning family! There are hundreds of articles on this site to help you build confidence as a home educating family. We hope that your home educating adventure is as satisfying as ours was! Beverley Paine


Getting Started with
Home Educating Series of


#1 Create Your
Own Curriculum

#2 DIY Lesson Plans
& Unit Studies

#3 Recording and Evaluation Made Simple

$10.00 each (includes postage)

let experienced home educators Beverley, Tamara and April walk you through HOW to create a learning plan that builds on solid foundations that works for YOUR family AND ticks all the boxes for home educaton registration with part 1 of this getting started with home educating serioes of parent workbooks, Create Your Own Curriculum!
Let experienced home educators Beverley, Tamara and April walk you through HOW to create a learning plan that builds on solid foundations that works for YOUR family AND ticks all the boxes for home educaton registration!

To see the full range of Beverley Paine's books on homeschooling, unschooling and natural learning visit Always Learning Books

Tap into Beverley's experience through her books

"Your books, your blogs helped me beyond words...
they helped me to find comfort in knowing it is ok to choose
exactly what is best for my family." Nisha

"Your books and information are mind blowing and already
I am feeling good about this new experience." Diane

Connect with Beverley and ask questions
through her online The Educating Parents Homeschooling and Unschooling Facebook support group.

purchase Beverley's practical and common sense books on homeschooling and unschooling
"Your guidance, understanding, support & words of wisdom changed our lives." Leslie

"I feel specially inspired by Beverley's words and, the more I read her comments, the more inspired I feel, since my need for support, respect for different parenting styles, and information are fully met." Marijo

The information on this website is of a general nature only and is not intended as personal or professional advice. This site merges and incorporates 'Homeschool Australia' and 'Unschool Australia'.

The Educating Parent acknowledges the Traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Owners, the Custodians of Australia, and pay our respects to Elders past and present and extend that respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people viewing this website.

complete comprehensive step by step program that teaches you how to craft your ultimate homeschool

Australia's best home education consultant, let Tamara Kidd guide and help you prepare your home education registration application or review

Online science lessons for primary school aged home educating children

Teach Maths in the way that children learn with MathsUSee by MathsAustralia

30% discount for purchases from ReadyEd Publications when you use the code 'homeschool' at  the checkout

reset your mindset for homeschooling success with deschooling essentials a quick course to help build your confidence as an educating parent

200 pages of templates, planning pages, tables, prompts and record sheets to organise your whole year!

subscription video art lessons by Australian artist

Home education is a legal alternative
to school education in Australia.
State and Territory governments are responsible
for regulating home education and have different
requirements, however home educating families
are able to develop curriculum and learning programs
to suit the individual needs of their children.

animated Australian flag

Without revenue from advertising
by educational suppliers and Google Ads
we could not continue to provide information
to home educators. Please support us by letting
our advertisers know that you found them on
The Educating Parent. Thanks!

Beverley's books are excellent for building confidence as a home educator says Tracey, homeschooling mum.

Support Centre
Contact Us | Join a Support Group | Beverley's Books | Resource Directory | Blog | Donate

About The Educating Parent
Beverley Paine | April Jermey and Always Learning Books | Advertise with us


What is Home Education Why Home Educate Getting Started & Registering Different Ways to Home Educate
Life as a Home Educator Resources & Support Teens and Beyond Curriculum and Teaching Tips
Unschooling & Natural Learning Travelling & Home Educating Other: just for fun, general, etc Children's Pages

animated smiling face Thank you for visiting!

Beverley Paine, The Educating Parent
The opinions and articles included on this website are not necessarily those of Beverley and Robin Paine,
nor do they endorse or recommend products listed in contributed articles, pages, or advertisements.
This website uses browsing cookies and conducts other means to collect user information in order to display contextual ads.
Text and images on this site © All Rights Reserved 1999-2022.